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          See Also:

          1. ROS/Installation

          2. Distributions (this page)

          3. Installation

          What is a Distribution?

          A ROS distribution is a versioned set of ROS packages. These are akin to Linux distributions (e.g. Ubuntu). The purpose of the ROS distributions is to let developers work against a relatively stable codebase until they are ready to roll everything forward. Therefore once a distribution is released, we try to limit changes to bug fixes and non-breaking improvements for the core packages (every thing under ros-desktop-full). And generally that applies to the whole community, but for "higher" level packages, the rules are less strict, and so it falls to the maintainers of a given package to avoid breaking changes.

          We capture the components that make up a distribution in our rosdistro format and it allows for multiple distributions. There are many different types of robots with different needs, and we anticipate that parts of the community may put together their own distributions in the future to better target these platforms.

          List of Distributions


          Release date


          Tuturtle, turtle in tutorial

          EOL date

          ROS Noetic Ninjemys

          May 23rd, 2020

          Noetic Ninjemys


          May, 2025
          (Focal EOL)

          ROS Melodic Morenia

          May 23rd, 2018

          Melodic Morenia

          Melodic Morenia

          May, 2023
          (Bionic EOL)

          ROS Lunar Loggerhead

          May 23rd, 2017

          Lunar Loggerhead

          Lunar Loggerhead

          May, 2019

          ROS Kinetic Kame

          May 23rd, 2016

          Kinetic Kame

          Kinetic Kame

          April, 2021
          (Xenial EOL)

          ROS Jade Turtle

          May 23rd, 2015

          Jade Turtle

          Jade Turtle

          May, 2017

          ROS Indigo Igloo

          July 22nd, 2014



          April, 2019
          (Trusty EOL)

          ROS Hydro Medusa

          September 4th, 2013



          May, 2015

          ROS Groovy Galapagos

          December 31, 2012



          July, 2014

          ROS Fuerte Turtle

          April 23, 2012




          ROS Electric Emys

          August 30, 2011




          ROS Diamondback

          March 2, 2011




          ROS C Turtle

          August 2, 2010




          ROS Box Turtle

          March 2, 2010





          • light yellow: future release
          • green: supported release
          • grey: unsupported release (End of Life)

          Distribution Details

          The details on the distributions and versions of common dependencies and other considerations, see the official Target Platforms REP:

          Release Schedule

          Release rules

          • ROS release timing is based on need and available resources
          • All future ROS 1 releases are LTS, supported for five years
          • ROS releases will drop support for EOL Ubuntu distributions, even if the ROS release is still supported.

          Side effects of the release policy:

          • Every ROS release will be supported on exactly one Ubuntu LTS.
          • LTS releases will not share a common Ubuntu release with any previous releases.
          • ROS releases will not add support for new Ubuntu distributions after their release date.

          These simplified rules and side effects are subject to change with changes to the underlying Ubuntu release policy.

          For more details see the official Release Policy.

          Upcoming releases

          Noeitc Ninjemys is the final release of ROS 1 by Open Robotics. Future ROS releases will all be based on ROS 2, and are described on the index.ros.org Releases page.

          Which distribution to use

          A rather arbitrary list of usecase driven recommendations. Updated on May 2020.

          New Capability

          Major Update Frequency

          Recommended distro

          Preferred but not required

          Not preferred

          Previous LTS (Melodic)

          Much preferred


          Latest (Noetic)

          Much preferred

          Not preferred

          Switch to the latest LTS every 2 year

          Specific platform is required

          See REP-3 for supported platform

          Newer Gazebo is needed

          Use Noetic for Gazebo 11

          I want to use OpenCV3

          Kinetic, Melodic or Noetic

          I want to use OpenCV4


          Wiki: Distributions (2020-06-11 19:28:44由Gabriel Staples編輯)

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